The Kalam Cosmological Argument.

The Kalam Cosmological Argument.

James Bishop's Theology & Apologetics.

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The Kalam cosmological argument is formulated as follows:

    1.    Everything that begins to exist has a cause.
    2.    The universe began to exist.
    3.    Therefore, the universe has a cause.

The argument uses scientific evidence to come to the conclusion that has theological significance. The real question is whether the two premises are more plausibly true than their denials. Whether or not the universe began to exist is precisely a question that science has tried to answer, and as far as our best scientific evidence goes, the universe began to exist.

Premise 1: “Everything that begins to exist has a cause.”

Premise 1 seems to be obviously true. Everyday experience and scientific evidence confirms our first premise, namely, that if something begins to exist it must have a cause. This is more convincing than its negation. The alternative would essentially be to believe that things could pop into…

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IDS Newsletter, October 2016 — In-Depth Studies

The Teaching Ministry of Geoff Volker October 2016 MINISTRY UPDATE ON TRIP TO ROMANIA AND PRAGUE The trip to Romania came in two parts. First, I went to Comanesti. This is a town of about 15,000 folks that is located in northeast Romania just at the foot of the Carpathian Mountains. Adrian Barzu is the…

via IDS Newsletter, October 2016 — In-Depth Studies

Jesus as the New Moses.

Jesus as the New Moses.

James Bishop's Theology & Apologetics.

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It is quite clear to historians that the biblical authors made use of past history to creatively, and deliberately, shape their own stories (1). We see this in the infant narratives (2), Paul’s radical conversion on the road to Damascus (3), as well as in Matthew’s gospel that presents Jesus as a new and improved Moses. This portrayal suited Matthew’s aim to not only imply that Jesus’ was clearly important like Moses but that he also transcends Moses (4). Old Testament scholar Peter Enns identifies the following parallels as suggestive of this connection:

•    Matthew presents the story of Jesus in five discreet sections, each ending with, “When Jesus had finished saying these things …” (see 7:28–29; 11:1; 13:53; 19:1–2; 26:1–2). The fivefold story of Jesus gives a “new Torah” for the people of God.

•    Both Moses and Jesus escape a royal decree of mass infanticide (Moses was placed in a basket in…

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Is the Pope the Head of the Church? —

Last Saturday I had the privilege of doing a debate on this subject, moderated by Agustin Astacio, with William Albrecht, a Roman Catholic apologist from an organisation called the Catholic Legate. To be honest I wasn’t all that keen to do it. I have no time for anti-Catholic polemic and the debate topic seemed almost […]

via Is the Pope the Head of the Church? —

Philosopher William Craig on Why Atheism is Unlivable. — James Bishop’s Theology & Apologetics.

Atheists admit that if God does not exist then the universe is purposeless. The late William Provine penned that “The universe cares nothing for us and we have no ultimate meaning in life” (1). Or as Jon Casmir would agree, “There is no meaning of life. The whole thing is a gyp, a never-ending corridor to nowhere” […]

via Philosopher William Craig on Why Atheism is Unlivable. — James Bishop’s Theology & Apologetics.